With abortion, the issue of morality is mainly focused on the nature of the fetus which is being aborted. The debate is whether the fetus is a person or just tissue that does not have the right to life. The authors of this module believe that a fetus is a person and that abortion is a sin. They have put forth Biblical and philosophical reasons stating why this is so.
Although the Bible itself does not refer to abortion directly, it does give information regarding God’s view on this topic. One such example comes from Psalm 139:13-16. In these passages, David is praising God because God knows all things. He continues to say that God formed him in the womb, showing that life is important, even before birth.
Psalm 51:5 is another example of why abortion is wrong. David states that he was a sinner from the time of conception. This tells the reader that if we can be sinful at the time of conception, then we must be human when we are conceived. Since only people can be of a sinful nature, then abortion would be the act of killing a person.
Exodus 21:22-25 speaks about a law which was given to the Hebrews during their Exodus from Egypt. It states that if a man hits a pregnant woman and kills the child then that man should also be killed. This shows that even those living in a more archaic time believed killing an unborn child was wrong.
Luke 1:41-44 talks about John the Baptist before he was born and leaping in his mother’s womb with joy. Here, Luke is telling the reader that an unborn child can feel joy and must be a living creature. Genesis also states that God forms man in His image in the womb and not after the fact.
Philosophically, there are also reasons why abortion can be considered wrong. The first question that should be asked is when a person becomes a human being. Science states that from the time of conception, an embryo is formed. This embryo contains DNA, which is the same as when the person is born, so life must begin at conception.
Medical science has been able to prove when a person is no longer alive, so if they reversed this logic, then it should tell us when a person becomes living. When the heart stops beating or the brain stops working, we are considered dead. But he heart starts beating at 18 days and the brain starts working at 42 days. Both of these facts are concrete evidence that “life” begins very early after conception.
Medical ethics generally holds that if a fetus can exist outside of the womb then it should be allowed to live and be considered a person. So at the same time if that fetus was still inside the womb, it should also be considered a person. As well, if a mother abandoned an unborn baby and left it to die, they would be charged under the law. So this should mean that removing an unborn baby from its mother’s womb and letting it die should hold the same punishment.
There are also several pro-abortion arguments which can be refuted. One such statement is that the mother has the right to control her own body. This can be countered by the fact that the fetus is not part of the mother’s body but is its own person. Even if it was part of the mother’s body, it would be considered a form of suicide, which is considered wrong in our society.
Another argument is that the fetus is not a human until it is born. This is a fallacy because the only difference from being inside and outside of the womb is simply location. It would have the same development in either place. The only difference is whether it could survive on its own.
Some pro-abortionists also state a fetus is not human because it does not have consciousness. This can be countered by the fact that a person in a coma has no consciousness, but it is illegal to euthanize them. As well, medical science has proven that a fetus has brain waves six weeks after conception, proving it has consciousness.
There are those that also hold to the idea that no unwanted baby should be born. But just because the mother doesn’t want the baby, there are countless people who would be willing to adopt the child after it is born. As well, many mothers decide to keep their babies after they are born, even if they are deciding on abortion beforehand.
There is also the notion out there that abortion should only be allowed for circumstances such as rape, incest, or to protect the mother. But just because a child is conceived out of rape or incest, the child is still a person. Also, if the mother’s life is in danger, then a decision has to be made as to the welfare of both the child and mother, and not just the mother.
As Christians, we should be more prone to persuade people to fight against abortion and not coerce them. To do this, Christians should turn to prayer. We should ask God to soften the hearts of the pro-abortionists and make them change their minds. Christians should also be respectful and Christian-like when speaking to others about this issue.
Christians should also follow the example that Jesus and his disciples set. Jesus did not protest or lobby. He spread his message with love and people responded to that. Jesus taught to be compassionate and people’s hearts will change for the better.
The abortion debate is one which will not be solved anytime soon. As long as there are pregnancies, the topic of abortion will always be around. But Christians should take this debate to heart and be as persuasive as possible, while following the teachings of the Bible and Jesus Christ